This global rise of urban poverty and insecure occupancy status takes place in a context of accelerated globalization and structural adjustment policies combining:
Forum for those who are concerned about the advancement of urban development in Indonesia Monday, May 7, kakilimaoriginally uploaded by yuna lee. The following link provides my article appeared at Planetizen in May Urban planning in developing countries -- particularly in cities with rapid urbanization -- is facing a problem with the informal sector.
The businesses that comprise the informal sector, typically operating on streets and in other public places, are often seen as eye-sores and undesirable activities.
Thus, conflicts arise between urban authorities trying to keep their cities clean and the urban informal sector operators who need space for their activities. In many cases, authorities forcibly evict informal sector activities in the name of urban order and cleanliness.
Yet, such eviction does not address the problem with the informal sector. It only relocates the problem and even exaggerates the conflicts between urban authorities and the informal sectors. Often many operators return to their places a few days after being evicted by the urban authorities. Should urban planning accommodate the informal sector?
Prior to the s, there was no attention paid to economic activities carried out outside the formal economy.
However, a few studies of developing countries began to explore the role of the informal sector, and the concept gained attention after a report by the International Labor Organization in the early s.
In many developing countries in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East and Asia, the informal sector accounts for most of the total employment. For example, the informal sector in Indonesia in accounted for 64 per cent of the total employment.
The proportion of informal sector employment in urban areas was even higher during the economic crisis in the late s when the closure of many manufacturing and service corporations pushed the newly unemployed into informal sector.
The growth of the urban informal sector is also nourished by the influx of migrants from rural regions surrounding urban agglomerations in search of work.
With the formal sector unable to accommodate such large numbers of workers, the informal sector becomes the primary source of employment. Without the economic opportunities generated by such activities, the poor would certainly become a larger burden for the urban authorities.
Two peddlersoriginally uploaded by Ikhlasul Amal.
Many middle-class people in urban areas in developing countries greatly benefit from economic activities carried out outside the formal sectors. The continuing study of urban informality has also revealed the important role of the informal sector in the process of urbanization.
By linking various economic activities and urban spaces, the informal sector serves as a mode for urban transformation for many places. These findings seem to point to a need for new urban theories that can fully explain the phenomenon of urban informality in cities -- something mostly absent from urban theories such the urban ecology of the Chicago School and post-modern urbanism of the Los Angeles School, which are both rooted from cities in developed countries.
Yet, understanding the positive impact of the informal sector, many planners and officials still worry about the resulting urban blight. However, from urban environmental perspective, many of the problems associated with the informal sector are not attributes inherent to the informal sector but manifestations of unresponsive urban planning itself.
The provision of spaces to informal sectors is an effective measure to reduce the environmental problems associated with such activities. Accommodating — maybe even welcoming - the informal sectors in urban spaces will not only reduce the conflict between urban authorities and the informal sector, but also reduce the environmental problems associated, and eventually accelerate urban transformation and increase the quality of life in many developing urban areas.remain persistent problems • In seeking to improve the quality of life for all its inhabitants, South Africa must also reduce poverty, create employment, and redress • Informal sector is increasingly recognised as an alternative option to the growing unemployment.
Annual Kalgoorlie-Boulder Clean Up Day The Kalgoorlie-Boulder Clean Up Day was held on Sunday, 11 March, and focused on cleaning up the area around the Communication Tower on the top of . Problems Of Informal Sectors In Urban of Sociology. Volume 9, Number 2. A Socio-economic Study of Informal Sector Workers of Dhaka City Md.
Nazmul Alam* Abstract: Informal sector is a very important area of the economy for any developing country; it is a growing occupational sector for the less skilled people, living both in . Most holdings in peri-urban regions of East London have, or are, either diversifying into recreational activities such as golf courses or pony paddock, continuing to produce cereals and/or meat for national and international markets, or 'setting-aside' land under the government's grant scheme.
However, from urban environmental perspective, many of the problems associated with the informal sector are not attributes inherent to the informal sector but manifestations of unresponsive urban planning itself. The provision of spaces to informal sectors is an effective measure to reduce the environmental problems associated with such activities.
THE URBAN INFORMAL SECTOR IN NIGERIA: TOWARDS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, AND SOCIAL HARMONY in the years after independence gave a boost to urban employment and urban growth in both the formal and informal sectors.
In post-colonial Nigeria and other African countries many .