History of the democratic party essay

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History of the democratic party essay

It was built by Martin Van Burenwho assembled a cadre of politicians in every state behind war hero Andrew Jackson of Tennessee. Jacksonian democracy cartoon shows the Democratic Party as donkey The spirit of Jacksonian democracy animated the party from the early s to the s, shaping the Second Party Systemwith the Whig Party the main opposition.

After the disappearance of the Federalists after and the Era of Good Feelings —there was a hiatus of weakly organized personal factions until about —, when the modern Democratic Party emerged along with its rival the Whigs.

The new Democratic Party became a coalition of farmers, city-dwelling laborers and Irish Catholics. The Democrats represented a wide range of views but shared a fundamental commitment to the Jeffersonian concept of an agrarian society. They viewed the central government as the enemy of individual liberty.

The " corrupt bargain " had strengthened their suspicion of Washington politics. They believed that government intervention in the economy benefited special-interest groups and created corporate monopolies that favored the rich. They sought to restore the independence of the individual — the artisan and the ordinary farmer — by ending federal support of banks and corporations and restricting the use of paper currencywhich they distrusted.

Their definition of the proper role of government tended to be negative, and Jackson's political power was largely expressed in negative acts.

History of the democratic party essay

He exercised the veto more than all previous presidents combined. Jackson and his supporters also opposed reform as a movement. Reformers eager to turn their programs into legislation called for a more active government.

But Democrats tended to oppose programs like educational reform mid the establishment of a public education system. They believed, for instance, that public schools restricted individual liberty by interfering with parental responsibility and undermined freedom of religion by replacing church schools.

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Nor did Jackson share reformers' humanitarian concerns. He had no sympathy for American Indiansinitiating the removal of the Cherokees along the Trail of Tears.

Democrats opposed elites and aristocrats, the Bank of the United States and the whiggish modernizing programs that would build up industry at the expense of the yeoman or independent small farmer.

Democrats stood for the 'sovereignty of the people' as expressed in popular demonstrations, constitutional conventions, and majority rule as a general principle of governing, whereas Whigs advocated the rule of law, written and unchanging constitutions, and protections for minority interests against majority tyranny.

Democrats strongly favored—and Whigs opposed—expansion to new farm lands, as typified by their expulsion of eastern American Indians and acquisition of vast amounts of new land in the West after The party favored the war with Mexico and opposed anti-immigrant nativism.

Both Democrats and Whigs were divided on the issue of slavery. In the s, the Locofocos in New York City were radically democratic, anti-monopoly and were proponents of hard money and free trade.

At this time, labor unions were few and some were loosely affiliated with the party. Many of the policies of Jackson had repercussions while Van Buren held office, such as the Trail of Tears. The policies enacted during Jackson came into full swing during Van Buren, who oversaw the displacement of thousands of Native Americans.

History of the democratic party essay

In addition to this, Van Buren was anti-slavery and represented a divide in both parties. Despite this, he did almost nothing to help the abolitionist movement and his presidency saw a continuation of pro-slavery legislation.

Jackson's decision to abolish the Second Bank of the United States led to the Panic of during Van Buren's presidency, leading to disapproval by the public and loss of power for his party.

History of the United States Democratic Party - Wikipedia

The Whigs nominated William Henry Harrison as their candidate for the presidential race. Harrison won as the first President of the Whigs. However, he died in office a month later and was succeeded by his Vice President John Tyler.The Democratic Party is the oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States, tracing its heritage back to the anti-Federalists and the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party of the s.

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History of the Democratic Party The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. When this party makes political decisions, the Democratic Party followed a very liberal viewpoint. The Democratic Party which was founded in by Thomas Jefferson was originally created as a way for citizens to fight against the Federalist Party as well as to fight for the Bill of Rights.

In , the Democratic Party nominated and eventually elected Thomas Jefferson for President. The United States Democratic Party History The Democratic Party is one of the oldest and biggest party in the United States. The other one is the Republican Party. Essay Reason Why Elections Are Less Democratic The reason why elections are less democratic is because some people say that money is taking away from our well known democracy, but in other instances we have the greatest democracy compared to other countries of our vast magnitude.

Throughout the nineteenth century campaigns were .

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